Search results for: bank-lending

The Journal of Commercial Bank Lending

Author :
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International Bank Lending

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs. Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance
File Size : 67.67 MB
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Environmental Impact of World Bank Lending

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations
File Size : 50.54 MB
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Increased Export Import Bank Lending Authority

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency
File Size : 84.13 MB
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Bank Lending

Author : Hong Kong Institute of Bankers
File Size : 22.25 MB
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The HKIB Certification Series offers readers a comprehensive overview of the modern banking industry. Drawing on material from some of Wiley?s top international authors and supplemented with data and cased from local experts, the series offers the Hong Kong banking professional complete coverage of the AHKIB exam. The series also serves as a useful reference for anyone involved in the Hong Kong finance industry.

Multilateral development bank lending to China

Author : Jonathan E. Sanford
File Size : 60.25 MB
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Legal Aspects of Bank Lending

Author : Arun Chatterjee
File Size : 74.38 MB
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Financial Crisis and Bank Lending

Author : Simon H. Kwan
File Size : 33.84 MB
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Estimates the amount of tightening in bank commercial and industrial (C&I) loan rates during the financial crisis. After controlling for loan characteristics and bank fixed effects, as of 2010:Q1, the average C&I loan spread was 66 basis points or 23 percent above normal. From about 2005 to 2008, the loan spread averaged 23 basis points below normal. Thus, from the unusually loose lending conditions in 2007 to the much tighter conditions in 2010:Q1, the average loan spread increased by about 1 percentage point. The author finds that large and medium-sized banks tightened their loan rates more than small banks; while small banks tended to tighten less, they always charged more. Charts and tables.

Bank Lending

Author : Nirmala Lee
File Size : 72.80 MB
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This book is for students and professionals working, or intending to work, in a lending-related role.The text provides comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of bank lending, its principles and practices. Bank lending performs a key role within global and national economies. Individuals and enterprises look primarily to banks and other financial institutions to finance their personal and business requirements. Good lending practice is therefore a core skill required within the financial services industry. This book will give lending staff the detailed knowledge and understanding of the financial and legal aspects of their roles they need to be able to fulfil employer as well as customer expectations.Topics include:lending principlesthe legal and regulatory frameworktypes of borrowerpurposes of financingsecuritythe lending cycleIslamic financeimpact of lending and social responsibilityThe book provides students and practitioners of bank lending with an excellent understanding of lending practices as well as the principles that underpin these practices.

Bank Lending in Turkey

Author : Ms.Deniz Igan
File Size : 39.61 MB
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The period following the 2000-01 crisis was marked by a successful disinflation program sustained through inflation targeting and fiscal discipline in Turkey. This paper studies the impact of monetary and fiscal policies on credit growth during this period. Using quarterly bank-level data covering 2002-08, we find evidence that liquidity-constrained banks have sharper decline in lending during contractionary monetary policies and that crowding-out effect disappears more for banks with a retail-banking focus when fiscal policies are prudent.The results are statistically weak, suggesting that bank lending channel is not strong in Turkey and government finances has limited direct impact on credit.

Loan Types and the Bank Lending Channel

Author : Victoria Ivashina
File Size : 90.22 MB
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Using credit-registry data for Spain and Peru, we document that four main types of commercial credit -- asset-based loans, cash flow loans, trade finance and leasing -- are easily identifiable and represent the bulk of corporate credit. We show that credit growth dynamics and bank lending channels vary across these loan types. Moreover, aggregate credit supply shocks previously identified in the literature appear to be driven by individual loan types. The effects of monetary policy and the effects of the financial crisis propagating through banks' balance sheets are primarily driven by cash flow loans, whereas asset-based credit appears to be largely insensitive to these types of effects.

Unlocking Credit

Author : Inter-American Development Bank
File Size : 35.37 MB
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Annotation Bank loans are the main source of credit for businesses across Latin America, so understanding what determines the depth, cost, and volatility of bank credit is crucial to designing strategies that ensure financial stability and promote growth. This new edition of Economic and Social Progress in Latin America provides a comprehensive analysis of the region's all-important banking industry. The book examines two-way interactions between macroeconomic policies and financial intermediation -- not only how these policies affect banking but how banks weather intermediate shocks, and how industry incentives can prompt bank portfolio choices that influence economic policy. The report also discusses how elements of a financial safety net -- including deposit insurance, prudential regulation, protection of creditor rights, and legal and judicial enforcement -- can mitigate factors that make credit more volatile and constrain its expansion. Finally, the report studies how the banking industry's market structure affects its performance. Particular attention is given to the role of government- versus foreign-owned banks, access to credit by small and medium-sized enterprises, and the development of mortgage credit markets.

Principles and Practice of Bank Lending

Author : Leonard Onyiriuba
File Size : 70.8 MB
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Lending and credit administration nowadays are increasingly becoming core functions in bank management. Equally, they now easily dominate regulatory and stakeholder interests in how banks are run to ensure that they remain liquid and strong going concerns at all times. Incidentally, the two banking activities are carried out within a common framework that defines a bank's risk assets portfolio strategies. The framework comprises the crux of the usually three-pronged lending function - depicted as the three pillars of credit risk management: credit analysis (pillar 1); credit policy and control - also referred to as credit administration or credit compliance (pillar 2); and loan workout, remedial and recovery (pillar 3). Credit analysis institutionalizes a process for assessing credit risk well while credit admin enforces credit control and compliance. Loan recovery follows failure of workout and remedial actions on delinquent loans. The approach to, and methodology for, dealing with issues implied in the pillars have witnessed dramatic changes over time. Yet, the goal of credit risk management remains immutable. Its spirit is geared to ensure that bank lending is efficient and that risk assets portfolio is of high quality. The facts that lending generates the largest earning, as well as riskiest, assets of a bank underscore the need to attain the goal. It is imperative, therefore, that students, practitioners and stakeholders - indeed, everyone having borrowing relationship with a bank - is availed a good textbook that elucidates the subject. This edition of "Principles and Practice of Bank Lending" - now jointly authored by Leonard Onyiriuba (sole author of the first edition) and Ochei Ikpefan - fulfills the foregoing need. It comprehensively covers curriculums on bank lending and credit administration - with tutorials on, and solutions to past questions of, the professional examinations of Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria. It will keep the readers abreast of evolving issues, possibilities and risk management demands in bank lending and credit administration overall. The readers will especially find the book useful both as a course text - for students in institutions of higher learning - and as a practical handbook that serves reference needs. It will certainly be indispensable to its target audience and a really good read.

Bank Lending Policies Domestic and International

Author : Douglas Anderson Hayes
File Size : 54.21 MB
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Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis

Author : Mr. Tümer Kapan
File Size : 52.30 MB
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We examine the role of bank balance sheet strength in the transmission of financial sector shocks to the real economy. Using data from the syndicated loan market, we exploit variation in banks’ reliance on wholesale funding and their structural liquidity positions in 2007Q2 to estimate the impact of exposure to market freezes during 2007–08 on the supply of bank credit. We find that banks with strong balance sheets were better able to maintain lending during the crisis. In particular, banks that were ex-ante more dependent on market funding and had lower structural liquidity reduced the supply of credit more than other banks. However, higher and better-quality capital mitigated this effect. Our results suggest that strong bank balance sheets are key for the recovery of credit following crises, and provide support for regulatory proposals under the Basel III framework.

Determinants of Bank Lending in Thailand

Author : Chodechai Suwanaporn
File Size : 85.54 MB
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Thailand experienced some of the world's fastest economic growth rates over the past four decades until the 1997 Baht devaluation and subsequent financial crisis. The dramatic financial collapse has raised doubts about the general efficiency of the Thai financial system. Until now, empirical knowledge about the lending process or behaviour in emerging markets has been extremely thin due to the lack of appropriate and reliable data. This study, which uses micro level bank data, examines systematic analysis of risk, relationships, and other factors in Thai bank lending decisions to assess the pre-crisis health of the lending process. Specifically, it investigates factors that affect interest rates, degree of lending volume and collateral setting in the loan decision of Thai banks between 1992 and 1996. The results show that Thai banks' lending decisions follow a similar manner as in developed countries. There are sufficient systematic structures in place, not chaos as speculated by many. Thai banks partly consider borrower's risk in their lending decision, especially the degree of lending volume but do not make use of these risk indicators in the pricing of loans. Relationship factors are important in Thai bank's lending decisions. The evidence is more resounding in Thailand than in the developed countries. However, lending to more closely related firms is neither the cause of nor related to bad loan outcome. Contents: Analysing how bank-lending decisions in Thailand are determined - Investigating risk and relationship consideration in Thai bank lending - Using unprecedented micro level bank data from credit evaluation files.

A Practical Approach to Bank Lending

Author : Lewis Stuart Dyer
File Size : 78.84 MB
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Bank Lending in the Knowledge Economy

Author : Mr.Giovanni Dell'Ariccia
File Size : 73.4 MB
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We study bank portfolio allocations during the transition of the real sector to a knowledge economy in which firms use less tangible capital and invest more in intangible assets. We show that, as firms shift toward intangible assets that have lower collateral values, banks reallocate their portfolios away from commercial loans toward other assets, primarily residential real estate loans and liquid assets. This effect is more pronounced for large and less well capitalized banks and is robust to controlling for real estate loan demand. Our results suggest that increased firm investment in intangible assets can explain up to 20% of bank portfolio reallocation from commercial to residential lending over the last four decades.

How Bank Lending Practices Influence Resource Allocation and Monetary Policy in Indonesia

Author : David Chamberlin Cole
File Size : 23.31 MB
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Bank Lending to Small Businesses in Latin America

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File Size : 48.19 MB
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Do foreign banks lend less to small and medium enterprises than domestic banks in Developing countries? Analysis of data from four countries in Latin America suggests that although small foreign banks lend less than small domestic banks, the difference for large banks is considerably less.