Search results for: copper

Copper and Copper Alloys

Author : Joseph R. Davis
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This handbook is a comprehensive guide to the selection and applications of copper and copper alloys, which constitute one of the largest and most diverse families of engineering materials. The handbook includes all of the essential information contained in the ASM Handbook series, as well as important reference information and data from a wide variety of ASM publications and industry sources.

Copper

Author : Günter Joseph
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This book provides an overview of the technical and commercial considerations regarding the viability of copper for engineering applications. Further, this work presents representative numerical data selected from the scientific literature as well as data collected from industrial sources from around the world.

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Author : William G. Davenport
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This new edition has been extensively revised and updated since the 3rd edition published in 1994. It contains an even greater depth of industrial information, focussing on how copper metal is extracted from ore and scrap, and how this extraction could be made more efficient. Modern high intensity smelting processes are presented in detail, specifically flash, Contop, Isasmelt, Noranda, Teniente and direct-to-blister smelting. Considerable attention is paid to the control of SO2 emissions and manufacture of H2SO4. Recent developments in electrorefining, particularly stainless steel cathode technology are examined. Leaching, solvent extraction and electrowinning are evaluated together with their impact upon optimizing mineral resource utilization. The book demonstrates how recycling of copper and copper alloy scrap is an important source of copper and copper alloys. Copper quality control is also discussed and the book incorporates an important section on extraction economics. Each chapter is followed by a summary of concepts previously described and offers suggested further reading and references.

Copper

Author : Paula Johanson
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Explains the characteristics of copper, where it is found, how it is used by humans, and its relationship to other elements found in the periodic table.

Copper Sun

Author : Sharon M. Draper
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Two fifteen-year-old girls--one a slave and the other an indentured servant--escape their Carolina plantation and try to make their way to Fort Moses, Florida, a Spanish colony that gives sanctuary to slaves.

Copper

Author : Richard Beatty
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Explores the history of the useful metal copper and explains its chemistry, its uses, and its importance in our lives.

Copper Leaching Solvent Extraction and Electrowinning Technology

Author : Gerald V. Jergensen
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This volume recognizes the growing role of solvent extraction and electrowinning technology in the world copper business. This well-established, remarkable hydrometallurgical achievement fills an important role in our technical ability to extract copper in an efficient and cost-effective way. This proceedings documents the present status of the SX-EW business. It represents a substantial body of historical, scientific, engineering, and commercial information regarding the growth and application of the technology. Sections include: The Business and Technology of SX-EW, Theory and Practice of Copper Leaching, Theory and Practice of Tankhouse Operations, and Theory and Practice of Solvent Extraction.

Handbook of Copper Compounds and Applications

Author : H. Wayne Richardson
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Emphasizing the utility of copper-related compounds, this text illustrates the numerous current and potential uses from agricultural bactericides and wood preservatives to colourants and solar cells. It discusses the properties and behaviour of the copper ion, copper compounds' employment in organic polymerization and isomerization reactions, the enhancement of feed efficiencies and additives in plant and animal nutrition, and more.

Copper

Author : Nnamdi Anyadike
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A report examining the supply and demand outlook for copper across its key producers and end-users. It provides a detailed analysis of likely growth and demand trends in the computer, transport, telecommunications and construction sectors, considering both the opportunities and threats to copper in each of its key applications. A clear and detailed analysis of the industry and its major markets A survey of trends in mining, refining, processing, end-use and consumption Unique industry and market forecasts

Copper Interconnect Technology

Author : Tapan Gupta
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Since overall circuit performance has depended primarily on transistor properties, previous efforts to enhance circuit and system speed were focused on transistors as well. During the last decade, however, the parasitic resistance, capacitance, and inductance associated with interconnections began to influence circuit performance and will be the primary factors in the evolution of nanoscale ULSI technology. Because metallic conductivity and resistance to electromigration of bulk copper (Cu) are better than aluminum, use of copper and low-k materials is now prevalent in the international microelectronics industry. As the feature size of the Cu-lines forming interconnects is scaled, resistivity of the lines increases. At the same time electromigration and stress-induced voids due to increased current density become significant reliability issues. Although copper/low-k technology has become fairly mature, there is no single book available on the promise and challenges of these next-generation technologies. In this book, a leader in the field describes advanced laser systems with lower radiation wavelengths, photolithography materials, and mathematical modeling approaches to address the challenges of Cu-interconnect technology.

Copper Transport and Its Disorders

Author : Arturo Leone
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Proceedings of a satellite meeting of the European Human Genetic Society held in Sestri Levante, Italy, May 21-25, 1997

Copper in Drinking Water

Author : National Research Council
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The safety of the nation's drinking water must be maintained to ensure the health of the public. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for regulating the levels of substances in the drinking water supply. Copper can leach into drinking water from the pipes in the distribution system, and the allowable levels are regulated by the EPA. The regulation of copper, however, is complicated by the fact that it is both necessary to the normal functioning of the body and toxic to the body at too high a level. The National Research Council was requested to form a committee to review the scientific validity of the EPA's maximum contaminant level goal for copper in drinking water. Copper in Drinking Water outlines the findings of the committee's review. The book provides a review of the toxicity of copper as well as a discussion of the essential nature of this metal. The risks posed by both short-term and long-term exposure to copper are characterized, and the implications for public health are discussed. This book is a valuable reference for individuals involved in the regulation of water supplies and individuals interested in issues surrounding this metal.

Copper Interconnects New Contact Metallurgies structures and Low k Interlevel Dielectrics

Author : G. S. Mathad
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Copper and Zinc in Inflammatory and Degenerative Diseases

Author : K. D. Rainsford
File Size : 66.28 MB
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Abnormal metabolism and distribution of both copper and zinc occurs in many inflammatory and degenerative diseases. The pattern of these changes varies at different stages of these diseases and with differing types of conditions. The corollary to this situation is the possibility of using drugs or metal complexes to modify both the perturbed status of copper and zinc and thus the disease states. This book comprehensively reviews the clinical and experimental data on the changes in copper and zinc status in different diseases and the use of various complexes of these metals or drugs to treat a diversity of inflammatory and degenerative conditions.

Copper Chorus

Author : Dennis L. Swibold
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This is the first book devoted to Montana's long history of industrial newspaper ownership and the consequences for democracy. The work also reveals the costs paid by owners and their journalists, whose credibility eroded as their increasingly constricted newspapers lapsed into ambivalence and indifference. The story offers a timeless study of the conflict between commerce and the notion of a free and independent press.

The Northern Copper Inuit

Author : Richard G. Condon
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In Canada's far north, on the western coast of Victoria Island, the Copper Inuit people of Holman (the Ulukhaktokmiut) have experienced a rate of social and economic change rarely matched in human history. Owing to their isolated, inaccessible location, three hundred miles north of the Arctic Circle, they were one of the last Inuit groups to be contacted by Western explorers, missionaries, and fur traders. Since contact, however, they have been transformed from a nomadic and independent, hunting-based society to one dependent upon southern material goods such as televisions, radios, snowmobiles, ATVs, and permanent residential housing provided by the Government of the Northwest Territories. Anthropologist Richard G. Condon witnessed many of these social, economic, and material changes during his eighteen years of research in the Holman community. With translator/research associate Julia Ogina and the elders of Holman, Condon vividly chronicles the history of the Holman region by combining observations of community change with extensive archival research and oral history interviews with community elders. This chronicle begins with a discussion of the prehistory of the Holman region, moves to the early and late contact periods, and concludes with a description of modern community life. The dramatic transformation of the Northern Copper Inuit is also reflected through nearly one hundred photographs and drawings that complement the text. Each chapter opens with a reproduction of one of the striking Holman prints, depicting scenes from traditional Copper Inuit life.

Copper Interconnects New Contact Metallurgies structures and Low k Interlevel Dielectrics II

Author : G. S. Mathad
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Copper Containing Molecules

Author : Joan S. Valentine
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A wide range of researchers are currently investigating different properties and applications for copper-containing proteins. Biochemists researching metal metabolism in organisms ranging from bacteria to plants to animals are working in a completely different area of discovery than scientists studying the transportation and regulation of minerals and small molecule nutrients. They are both working with copper-containing proteins, but in very different ways and with differing anticipated outcomes.

Copper and the Skin

Author : Jurij J. Hostynek
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Copper is increasingly recognized for its possible role in the prevention and moderation of disease, as well as the treatment of a number of conditions including skin irritation, sensitization, rheumatoid arthritis, and other inflammatory conditions. This source reviews general principles of percutaneous penetration to clarify the mechanisms contro

Copper and Bronze in Art

Author : David A. Scott
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Pigments, corrosion products, and minerals are usually considered separately, either as painting materials or as the deterioration products of metals, even though they are often the same compounds. This 190-year review of the literature on copper and its alloys integrates that information across a broad spectrum of interests that are all too frequently compartmentalized. The author discusses the various environmental conditions to which copper alloy objects may be exposed-including burial, outdoor, and indoor museum environments-and the methods used to conserve them. The book also includes information on ancient and historical technologies, the nature of patina as it pertains to copper and bronze, and the use of copper corrosion materials as pigments. Chapters are organized primarily by chemical corrosion products and include topics such as early technologies, copper chlorides and bronze disease, the chemistry and history of turquoise, Egyptian blue and other synthetic copper silicates, the organic salts of copper in bronze corrosion, and aspects of bronze patinas. A detailed survey of conservation treatments for bronze objects is also provided. Four appendixes cover copper and bronze chemistry, replication experiments for early pigment recipes, a list of copper minerals and corrosion products, and X-ray diffraction studies.