Search results for: entropy-negentropy

Entropy and Negentropy

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In thermodynamics, entropy (usual symbol S) is a measure of the number of specific ways in which a thermodynamic system may be arranged, commonly understood as a measure of disorder. According to the second law of thermodynamics the entropy of an isolated system never decreases; such a system will spontaneously proceed towards thermodynamic equilibrium, the configuration with maximum entropy. Systems that are not isolated may decrease in entropy, provided they increase the entropy of their environment by at least that same amount. Since entropy is a state function, the change in the entropy of a system is the same for any process that goes from a given initial state to a given final state, whether the process is reversible or irreversible. However, irreversible processes increase the combined entropy of the system and its environment.The negentropy, also negative entropy, syntropy, extropy, ectropy or entaxy, of a living system is the entropy that it exports to keep its own entropy low; it lies at the intersection of entropy and life. The concept and phrase "negative entropy" was introduced by Erwin Schr�dinger in his 1944 popular-science book What is Life? Later, L�on Brillouin shortened the phrase to negentropy, to express it in a more "positive" way: a living system imports negentropy and stores it. In 1974, Albert Szent-Gy�rgyi proposed replacing the term negentropy with syntropy.This book discusses the concepts of both entropy and negentropy which can be viewed as the means to an end and a beginning in the world of physics and is designed to be a reference and provide an overview of the topic and give the reader a structured knowledge to familiarize yourself with the topic at the most affordable price possible.The accuracy and knowledge is of an international viewpoint as the edited articles represent the inputs of many knowledgeable individuals and some of the most current knowledge on the topic, based on the date of publication.

Negentropy Meaning and New Meaning Negentropia Accezione Nuove Accezioni

Author : Valter Caggio
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A GREAT MULTIDISCIPLINARY ESSAY IN FEW PAGES. NEW IDEA, USEFULL NOW AND IN THE FUTURE

Project Independence

Author : United States. Federal Energy Administration
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Project Independence Blueprint

Author : United States. Federal Energy Administration
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Space Fighter

Author : Winy Maas
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An exploration of the Evolutionary City by simulating the challenges of urban growth, decline, and vitality.

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Author : Kenneth D. Bailey
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After providing a review of classical theory, this book carefully sketches the chief contributions of living systems theory, social entropy theory, autopoiesis, and other approaches. It shows that these approaches are without flaws of earlier functionalism, yet they retain the breadth and integrative potential needed by mainstream theorists concerned about the threat of hyperspecialization and fragmentation within sociology.

Negentropy

Author : Lambert M. Surhone
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The negentropy, also negative entropy or syntropy, of a living system is the entropy that it exports to keep its own entropy low; it lies at the intersection of entropy and life. The concept and phrase negative entropy were introduced by Erwin Schrödinger in his 1943 popular-science book What is life?[1] Later, Léon Brillouin shortened the phrase to negentropy,[2][3] to express it in a more positive way: a living system imports negentropy and stores it.[4] In 1974, Albert Szent-Györgyi proposed replacing the term negentropy with syntropy. That term may have originated in the 1940s with the Italian mathematician Luigi Fantappiè, who tried to construct a unified theory of biology and physics. (This attempt has not gained renown nor borne great fruit.) Buckminster Fuller tried to popularize this usage, but negentropy remains common.

Mapping Entropy

Author : Ruben De la Sierra
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Oeconomica Polona

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Energy for Rural and Island Communities II

Author : John Twidell
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Efficacious Love

Author : Theresa Lowe Ching
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This book provides a concise, accurate introduction to the theology of Juan Luis Segundo. It is comprehensive in its brevity. After presenting Segundo in terms of the historical development of his work, the author explains the main influences on his thought, the principal categories and distinctions that distinguish his language, and the elements of method that structures the genesis of his theology. She draws from the whole corpus of his writing and by comparative analysis is able to shed light on many of Segundo's basic distinctions that befuddle many. Clarifies the fundamental categories that recur again and again in Segundo's thinking. Beyond re-presenting Segundo's theology, Lowe Ching provides a coherent and plausible interpretation of it. In each successive chapter she builds the argument that the theme of efficacious love holds the various dimensions of Segundo's theory together. Its commanding influence is reflected in his appropriation of his sources and in the structure of his method. Not only of interest for students of liberation theology and readers of Juan Luis Segundo but all those interested in the meaning of Christianity itself.

The Foundations of Biological Theory

Author : Edgar Howard Mercer
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Integrative Principles of Modern Thought

Author : Henry Margenau
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First Published in 1972. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Science and Earth History

Author : Arthur Newell Strahler
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In this comprehensive treatment of the ongoing conflict between creationists and evolutionary scientists, well-known geomorphologist Arthur Strahler carefully examines creationists' claims of scientific evidence for the six-day divine creation of the universe, followed by the catastrophic flood of Noah, as claimed in Genesis. The creationists' arguments are examined and evaluated against the findings of mainstream science in the fields of cosmology, astronomy, geophysics, geology, paleontology, and evolutionary biology.Updated with a new preface and responses to recent attacks on evolutionary theory, Science and Earth History can serve as both a popular overview of earth history and as a scholarly anecdote to the fictions of creationism once again finding their way into classrooms and universities. Strahler illuminates the controversy by reviewing the philosophy, methodology, and sociology of empirical science, as contrasted with the belief systems of religion and pseudoscience. The author also includes lucid criteria for distinguishing science from pseudoscience, and reviews the great discoveries and developments in science that point to the evolution of life over the earth's three-billion-year history.Arthur Strahler was professor and chairman of geomorphology at the Department of Geology of Columbia University.

Creation evolution

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Progress of Cybernetics Cybernetics and natural sciences Cybernetics and the social sciences

Author : John Rose
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Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence and Neuronal Networks

Author : Hans Dieter Junge
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Science Man and His Environment

Author : Božidar Gluščević
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Managing Planned Change

Author : Paul C. Nutt
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Planning Methods

Author : Paul C. Nutt
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This book provides an integrated framework for planning at the strategic and project level, emphasizing the improvement of plan- ning practice in organizations. It utilizes a methods approach to apply traditional planning methods to the health field. It also includes a careful description of planning techniques and the inte- gration of these techniques into a planning framework. Both the plan- ner and the plan's sponsor point of view are presented and case stu- dies which illustrate how most planning is done informally, with a low level of sophistication are included.