Search results for: our-brains-are-like-computers

Our Brains Are Like Computers

Author : Joel Shaul
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This highly visual social skills book uses computer metaphors and visual diagrams to help children on the autism spectrum to understand how their words and actions can affect other people. Easily identifiable computing and social networking metaphors are used to explain how memories are saved in the brain, like files in computer folders, and how, just as files can be shared and downloaded on the internet, people learn about you by sharing their positive and negative impressions with each other. The author explains why certain actions may be 'liked' or 'disliked' by others, and offers guidance on appropriate and inappropriate social behavior. This book also features photocopiable worksheets to reinforce the guidance and lessons offered in the book.

i Minds

Author : Mari K. Swingle
File Size : 29.86 MB
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Constant connectivity is rewiring our brains - this is your survival guide for the digital era Many of us would no more go out without our cell phone than we would leave the house without clothes. We live our lives on social media, and PDAs, tablets, computers and other devices are completely integrated into our global culture. From connectedness to accessibility and instant access to information, a wealth of benefits accompanies this digital revolution. But what about the cost? Weaving together history, popular literature, media and industry hype, sociology and psychology, and observations from over 18 years of clinical practice and research, Dr. Mari Swingle explores the pervasive influence of i-technology. Engaging and entertaining yet scientifically rigorous, i-Minds demonstrates: How constant connectivity is rapidly changing our brains What dangers are posed to children and adults alike in this brave, new world The positive steps we can take to embrace new technology while protecting our well-being and steering our future in a more human direction. This extraordinary book is a virtually indispensable look at a revolution where the only constant is change—food for thought about which aspects of technology we should embrace, what we should unequivocally reject, and the many facets of the digital era that we should now be debating.

An Internet in Your Head

Author : Daniel Graham
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Whether we realize it or not, we think of our brains as computers. In neuroscience, the metaphor of the brain as a computer has defined the field for much of the modern era. But as neuroscientists increasingly reevaluate their assumptions about how brains work, we need a new metaphor to help us ask better questions. The computational neuroscientist Daniel Graham offers an innovative paradigm for understanding the brain. He argues that the brain is not like a single computer—it is a communication system, like the internet. Both are networks whose power comes from their flexibility and reliability. The brain and the internet both must route signals throughout their systems, requiring protocols to direct messages from just about any point to any other. But we do not yet understand how the brain manages the dynamic flow of information across its entire network. The internet metaphor can help neuroscience unravel the brain’s routing mechanisms by focusing attention on shared design principles and communication strategies that emerge from parallel challenges. Highlighting similarities between brain connectivity and the architecture of the internet can open new avenues of research and help unlock the brain’s deepest secrets. An Internet in Your Head presents a clear-eyed and engaging tour of brain science as it stands today and where the new paradigm might take it next. It offers anyone with an interest in brains a transformative new way to conceptualize what goes on inside our heads.

The Digital Mind

Author : Arlindo Oliveira
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How developments in science and technology may enable the emergence of purely digital minds—intelligent machines equal to or greater in power than the human brain. What do computers, cells, and brains have in common? Computers are electronic devices designed by humans; cells are biological entities crafted by evolution; brains are the containers and creators of our minds. But all are, in one way or another, information-processing devices. The power of the human brain is, so far, unequaled by any existing machine or known living being. Over eons of evolution, the brain has enabled us to develop tools and technology to make our lives easier. Our brains have even allowed us to develop computers that are almost as powerful as the human brain itself. In this book, Arlindo Oliveira describes how advances in science and technology could enable us to create digital minds. Exponential growth is a pattern built deep into the scheme of life, but technological change now promises to outstrip even evolutionary change. Oliveira describes technological and scientific advances that range from the discovery of laws that control the behavior of the electromagnetic fields to the development of computers. He calls natural selection the ultimate algorithm, discusses genetics and the evolution of the central nervous system, and describes the role that computer imaging has played in understanding and modeling the brain. Having considered the behavior of the unique system that creates a mind, he turns to an unavoidable question: Is the human brain the only system that can host a mind? If digital minds come into existence—and, Oliveira says, it is difficult to argue that they will not—what are the social, legal, and ethical implications? Will digital minds be our partners, or our rivals?

Mind Hacking Secrets

Author : John Dark
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What is mind hacking? Did you know that your brain is a computer? Did you know that your mind has two systems? Do you how your mind controls your emotions? How do emotions create behavior? What are focus, attention, and concentration? How can we change our current situation? Did you know that you can reprogram your mind? How do you identify negative influence and habits? How do you set your goals and visualize them? What are the common bad habits and behaviors? What are the positive habits and behaviors? Mind hacking secrets are described as something that enables someone to change their way of thinking. Many methods can be used to enable one to change the state of mind and the way he may be reasoning. Mind hacking is done to improve how the brain function and for the purpose of individual development. By doing this, you will make an individual perform the daily activities and eventually leads to productivity.Our brains perform like computers for those who did not know. The only difference is that a computer is a gadget while the brain is part of the human body. The functions of the two are the same because they are used to store information. The brain functions are the same as the functions of the computer. The brain at the same time, is made up of two systems. They are one being system that produces spontaneous decisions that guide one on the way to live. The second system is system 2 which deals with the way we think. It focusses more on the sound mind before making a decision.The brain is a complex organ. It controls every task that takes part in the body. Starting from the small parts of our bodies to the complex parts of the body, all those functions in those parts of the body are controlled by the heart. Not forgetting our emotions, they are also controlled in the brain. The emotions enable us to react to behaviors either good or bad. We are all created with emotions; the difference is how we control them. That is why you will find that some people will be reactive when one wrongs them while we have an individual who will choose to be quiet when wronged.In life, we sometimes find ourselves in a group of individuals with negative influence and habits without realizing they are in the bad company of friends. It is easy to identify such kind of people. The kind of life we live, either good or bad, is contributed by the kind of friends we stay with and the activities you take part in. if all the times you are always found doing bad things, then it will contribute to your failures. If you are that person, who indulges in doing good always then success will be your part. Can we read from the same script that the brain plays an important role in controlling our basic emotions at any given time? Do you agree that bad influence brings along undesired behaviors and habits? Have you learned that our behaviors are contributed to the success we have achieved in life? There is a close relationship between the brain with the basic emotions and the kind of behaviors and habits we have.The goal of this book is to identify the mind hacking secrets and how to make use of them. You will also learn about the methods used to mind hack your mind. You will learn: Mind Hacking Secrets The brain as a Computer Mind Having Two Systems Emotional and your Brain How Emotions Create Behavior Focus Attention and Concentration How We Can Change our Current Situation Reprogramming our Mind How to Identify Negative Influence and Habits Set your Goals and Learn to Visualize Common Bad Habits and Behaviors

The Age of Spiritual Machines

Author : Ray Kurzweil
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Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century--an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the way we live. Kurzweil's prophetic blueprint for the future takes us through the advances that inexorably result in computers exceeding the memory capacity and computational ability of the human brain by the year 2020 (with human-level capabilities not far behind); in relationships with automated personalities who will be our teachers, companions, and lovers; and in information fed straight into our brains along direct neural pathways. Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century.

The Digital Mind

Author : Arlindo L. Oliveira
File Size : 72.64 MB
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How developments in science and technology may enable the emergence of purely digital minds--intelligent machines equal to or greater in power than the human brain. What do computers, cells, and brains have in common? Computers are electronic devices designed by humans; cells are biological entities crafted by evolution; brains are the containers and creators of our minds. But all are, in one way or another, information-processing devices. The power of the human brain is, so far, unequaled by any existing machine or known living being. Over eons of evolution, the brain has enabled us to develop tools and technology to make our lives easier. Our brains have even allowed us to develop computers that are almost as powerful as the human brain itself. In this book, Arlindo Oliveira describes how advances in science and technology could enable us to create digital minds. Exponential growth is a pattern built deep into the scheme of life, but technological change now promises to outstrip even evolutionary change. Oliveira describes technological and scientific advances that range from the discovery of laws that control the behavior of the electromagnetic fields to the development of computers. He calls natural selection the ultimate algorithm, discusses genetics and the evolution of the central nervous system, and describes the role that computer imaging has played in understanding and modeling the brain. Having considered the behavior of the unique system that creates a mind, he turns to an unavoidable question: Is the human brain the only system that can host a mind? If digital minds come into existence--and, Oliveira says, it is difficult to argue that they will not--what are the social, legal, and ethical implications? Will digital minds be our partners, or our rivals?

How We Learn

Author : Stanislas Dehaene
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Humanity's greatest feat is our incredible ability to learn. Even in their first year, infants acquire language, visual and social knowledge at a rate that surpasses the best supercomputers. But how, exactly, do our brains learn? In How We Learn, leading neuroscientist Stanislas Dehaene delves into the psychological, neuronal, synaptic and molecular mechanisms of learning. Drawing on case studies of children who learned despite huge difficulty and trauma, he explains why youth is such a sensitive period, during which brain plasticity is maximal, but also assures us that our abilities continue into adulthood. We can all enhance our learning and memory at any age and 'learn to learn' by taking maximal advantage of the four pillars of the brain's learning algorithm: attention, active engagement, error feedback and consolidation. The human brain is an extraordinary machine. Its ability to process information and adapt to circumstances by reprogramming itself is unparalleled, and it remains the best source of inspiration for recent developments in artificial intelligence. How We Learn finds the boundary of computer science, neurobiology, cognitive psychology and education to explain how learning really works and how to make the best use of the brain's learning algorithms - and even improve them - in our schools and universities as well as in everyday life.

The Qortex Circuit

Author : Ed Kang
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The Qortex Circuit is a brain training framework for transformation based on the science of joy. Think of it as the OS (operating system) on any computer or mobile device. With the right OS, apps can be installed for pretty much anything. In the same way, the Qortex Circuit was designed to be an OS for your brain--powered by joy--to help you accomplish anything you've ever wanted. Our brains are infinitely complex and powerful computers. The same way every computer has RAM (random access memory), the human brain has a short-term memory system. And just like a computer's hard drive, our brains also have long-term information storage capacity. The difference is the human brain can continually adapt and change its structure, where even the most advanced artificial intelligence cannot. But despite this powerful ability, without the right OS, powered by joy, the human brain is nowhere near as effective as it could be.Once you learn the Qortex Circuit, you can use the power of joy to coach anybody to do anything for personal and professional transformation. How can such a grand and sweeping statement be made? The answer is we all use the same brain to do everything. Neuroscientists and psychologists are continually unlocking new insights on how to optimize the OS of our brains to realize human potential. This brain science can apply to coaching in any office, school, or even right at the kitchen table.You don't have to be a neuroscientist or psychologist to take advantage of brain science. Today's scientists are more than happy to see their theories applied through practical and real-life experience. Professional practice and academic scholarship are always more effective when synergized. The world of brain science is no different.This book takes a focused cross-section of current brain science and provides a practical everyday framework to help people experience joy, transform their lives, and then coach others to do the same. I hope it will inspire a lifelong journey of joy and transformation.

Library Trends

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Artificial Intelligence Which Development Stage Is The Important

Author : Johnny Ch Lok
File Size : 55.71 MB
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How can artificial intelligent brain satisfy to human beneficial and natural needs?Nowadays, new scientists' most familiar form of this vision in our times is genetic engineering. Specifically, the prospect of designing better human beings by improving their biological systems of a small, serious and accomplished group of tailors in the field of artificial intelligence and robotics. Their goal is a simply new age of post-biological life, a world of intelligence without bodies, immortal identity without the limitations of disease, death and unfulfilled desire. If human can understand why this fate is presented as both necessary and desirable, human might understand modern science can help us to enter the good life and good society stage when (AI) brain is invented by scientists successfully in our future life.How can (AI) beneficial brain satisfy to human natural need? For relatively recent example, similarly as a long term trend beginning with the first mechanical calculators, the evaluation of computing capacity increases in speed over time and decrease in cost. From biological evolution has been invented to influence human brain, an electronic chemical machine with a great, but finite number of computer neuron connections, the product of which we call mind or consciousness. As an electro-chemical machine, the brain obeys the laws of physics, all of its functions can be understood and duplicated. And since computers already operate at far faster speeds then the brain, they soon will rival or surpass the brain in their capacity to store and process information. When happens, the computer will at the vary least, be capable of responding to stimuli in ways that are indistinguishable for human responses. At that point, we would be justified in calling the machine intelligent, we would have the same evidence to call it conscious that human now have when giving such a label to any consciousness other than our own. ImageAt the same time, the study of human brain will allow us to duplicate its functions in machine circuitry. Advances in brain imaging will allow us to " map out" brain functions, allowing individual minds to be duplicated in some combination of hardware and software. The result, will be a world that is remade and reconstructed at the atomic level through nanotechnology, a world whose organization will be shaped by an intelligence that surpasses all human comprehension.Whether or not today's humans are willing or able to " download" their brains into machines, there will come a time when all human beings will be intelligent machines in the future. Computer hardware will continue to get faster, cheaper and more powerful computer software will increase in sophistication. Brain research will continue to explore the " mechanics" of consciousness. Nanotechnology will continue to develop.There are powerful incentives, commercial, military, medical and intellectual that will drive many of the advances that the extinctions desire if for very different reasons. Much of the work in artificial intelligence and robotics is open to the same defense that is made on behalf of biotechnology: If we don't do it, they will and why suffer or be unhappy when some new agent or invention is available that will solve the problem.Finally, we already accept significant artificial argumentation and replacement of natural body parts when those parts are missing or defective. Over time indistinguishable from or " superior" to their biological counterparts as they employ increasing computer processing power. There are powerful incentives, commercial, military, medical and intellectual that will drive many of the advances that the extinctions desire, if for very different reasons.

From Smartphones to Social Media How Technology Affects Our Brains and Behavior

Author : Mark Carrier
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This book examines how today's technology, as it includes smartphones, computers, and the internet, shapes our physical health, cognitive and psychological development, and interactions with one another and the world around us. • Addresses a topic of interest and of increasing concern for researchers, parents, and educators • Examines both the positive and negative effects of technology across many aspects of physical, psychological, and social health • Provides real-world examples through case studies to illustrate key concepts discussed in the book • Offers additional information through interviews with experts in an accessible Q&A format

The Shallows

Author : Nicholas G. Carr
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Expanding on an article that appeared in the Atlantic Monthly, the best-selling author of The Big Switch discusses the intellectual and cultural consequences of the Internet, and how it may be transforming our neural pathways for the worse.

On Intelligence by Jeff Hawkins with Sandra Blakeslee Summary

Author : QuickRead
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Do you want more free book summaries like this? Download our app for free at https://www.QuickRead.com/App and get access to hundreds of free book and audiobook summaries. Learn How a New Understanding of the Brain Will Lead to the Creation of Truly Intelligent Machines. In today’s modern world, our relationship with computers has become revolutionary with the invention of artificial intelligence. Today, we can talk to our devices and, even better, they can answer. We have created a world that, in the past, was only seen in science fiction books and movies. But there is still something missing. Artificial intelligence is just that… artificial. But what if we could create computers that have real intelligence? What if we built computers that work the same way our brains do? Through On Intelligence, Hawkins presents a powerful theory of how the human brain works and explains why computers are not intelligent. According to this theory, we will finally be able to build intelligent machines. So what kind of intelligent machines can we begin to expect in the future? How will these machines change the way we live? Or interact with one another? As you read, you’ll learn how the human brain is superior to the computer, why robots will never take over the world, and what kinds of technology you might see in the future.

The Biological Mind

Author : Alan Jasanoff
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A pioneering neuroscientist argues that we are more than our brains To many, the brain is the seat of personal identity and autonomy. But the way we talk about the brain is often rooted more in mystical conceptions of the soul than in scientific fact. This blinds us to the physical realities of mental function. We ignore bodily influences on our psychology, from chemicals in the blood to bacteria in the gut, and overlook the ways that the environment affects our behavior, via factors varying from subconscious sights and sounds to the weather. As a result, we alternately overestimate our capacity for free will or equate brains to inorganic machines like computers. But a brain is neither a soul nor an electrical network: it is a bodily organ, and it cannot be separated from its surroundings. Our selves aren't just inside our heads -- they're spread throughout our bodies and beyond. Only once we come to terms with this can we grasp the true nature of our humanity.

Thinking Computers and Virtual Persons

Author : Eric Dietrich
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Can computers think? This book is intended to demonstrate that thinking, understanding, and intelligence are more than simply the execution of algorithms--that is, that machines cannot think. Written and edited by leaders in the fields of artificial intelligence and the philosophy of computing.

Brain Wars

Author : Mario Beauregard
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In Brain Wars, acclaimed neuroscientist Mario Beauregard reveals compelling new evidence set to provoke a major shift in our understanding of the mind-body debate: research showing that the mind and consciousness are transmitted and filtered through the brain—but are not generated by it. Following his boundary-breaking neuroscience book The Spiritual Brain: A Neuroscientist’s Case for the Existence of the Soul, coauthored with Denyse O’Leary, Brain Wars makes a powerful and provocative case against the widely held view equating human beings to complex biological computers. Like Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Beauregard believes that consciousness is more than simply a physical process that takes place in the brain. And here, he presents the evidence to prove it. Brain Wars will revolutionize the way we think about thinking forever.

Are we being fooled by our brains

Author : Shelton Ranasinghe
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I hypothesize that the brain has purposely given us reigns to make "us" aware only about the functionality of this "limited sector" of the thinking process. Because of this unreasonable victimization of "us", by our own brains, I believe we can't perceive what else is happening in the brain when a thinking process is happening.My take on this hypothesis expressed in another way is, that "you" are the ego process in the brain. But without your ego process's awareness, your main brain knows everything what you are thinking of. In computer terms you are just a sub-program (ego) of a big comprehensive master program (brain). You have been programmed to assume you are the master program (hidden system + ego program). But you are not the master program. You don't have any control over the master program or even have the slightest awareness of its existence. You are limited to the boundaries of the ego based sub program. You assume and feel that you run the master program. But you don't.

On Task

Author : David Badre
File Size : 41.52 MB
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A look at the extraordinary ways the brain turns thoughts into actions—and how this shapes our everyday lives Why is it hard to text and drive at the same time? How do you resist eating that extra piece of cake? Why does staring at a tax form feel mentally exhausting? Why can your child expertly fix the computer and yet still forget to put on a coat? From making a cup of coffee to buying a house to changing the world around them, humans are uniquely able to execute necessary actions. How do we do it? Or in other words, how do our brains get things done? In On Task, cognitive neuroscientist David Badre presents the first authoritative introduction to the neuroscience of cognitive control—the remarkable ways that our brains devise sophisticated actions to achieve our goals. We barely notice this routine part of our lives. Yet, cognitive control, also known as executive function, is an astonishing phenomenon that has a profound impact on our well-being. Drawing on cutting-edge research, vivid clinical case studies, and examples from daily life, Badre sheds light on the evolution and inner workings of cognitive control. He examines issues from multitasking and willpower to habitual errors and bad decision making, as well as what happens as our brains develop in childhood and change as we age—and what happens when cognitive control breaks down. Ultimately, Badre shows that cognitive control affects just about everything we do. A revelatory look at how billions of neurons collectively translate abstract ideas into concrete plans, On Task offers an eye-opening investigation into the brain’s critical role in human behavior.

The Internet

Author : Hilary W. Poole
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Illuminating the reality of worldwide access to information, this expanded three-volume set is a one-stop resource for Internet history, biographies of key figures, and analysis of how the Internet operates.