Search results for: pascals-wager

Pascal s Wager

Author : James A. Connor
File Size : 28.98 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 108
Read : 533
Download »
In a major biography of Blaise Pascal, James Connor explores both the intellectual giant whose theory of probability paved the way for modernity and the devout religious mystic who dared apply probability to faith.

Pascal s Wager

Author : Paul Bartha
File Size : 64.85 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 968
Read : 835
Download »
In his famous Wager, Blaise Pascal (1623-62) offers the reader an argument that it is rational to strive to believe in God. Philosophical debates about this classic argument have continued until our own times. This volume provides a comprehensive examination of Pascal's Wager, including its theological framework, its place in the history of philosophy, and its importance to contemporary decision theory. The volume starts with a valuable primer on infinity and decision theory for students and non-specialists. A sequence of chapters then examines topics including the Wager's underlying theology, its influence on later philosophical figures, and contemporary analyses of the Wager including Alan Hjek's challenge to its validity, the many gods objection, and the ethics of belief. The final five chapters explore various ways in which the Wager has inspired contemporary decision theory, including questions related to infinite utility, imprecise probabilities, and infinitesimals.

Taking Pascal s Wager

Author : Michael Rota
File Size : 53.16 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 403
Read : 962
Download »
Since we can't know with absolute certainty that God exists, each of us in a sense makes a bet. If we believe in God and are right, the benefits include eternal life. If we are wrong, the downside is limited. On the other hand, we might not believe in God. If we are right, then we will have lived in line with reality. If we are wrong, however, the consequences could be eternally disastrous. This was the challenge posed by the French philosopher Blaise Pascal over three hundred years ago. But Michael Rota contends that Pascal's argument is still compelling today. Since there is much to gain (for ourselves as well as for others) and relatively little to lose, the wise decision is to seek a relationship with God and live a Christian life. Rota considers Pascal's wager and the roles of uncertainty, evidence and faith in making a commitment to God. By engaging with themes such as decision theory, the fine-tuning of the universe, divine hiddenness, the problem of evil, the historicity of the resurrection and the nature of miracles, he probes the many dynamics at work in embracing the Christian faith. In addition, Rota takes a turn not found in many books of philosophy. He looks at the actual effects of such a commitment in three recent, vivid, gripping examples—Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Jean Vanier and Immaculée Ilibagiza. Like Pascal, Rota leaves us with a question: What wager will we make?

Pascal s Wager

Author : Nicholas Rescher
File Size : 29.93 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 295
Read : 183
Download »

Pascal s Wager

Author : Jeff Jordan
File Size : 52.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 754
Read : 530
Download »
What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is impermissible to believe any proposition lacking adequate evidence. And if any thesis enjoys the status of a dogma among philosophers, it is Evidentialism. Presenting a direct challenge to Evidentialism are pragmatic arguments for theism, which are designed to support belief in the absence of adequate evidence. Pascal's Wager is the most prominent theistic pragmatic argument, and issues in epistemology, the ethics of belief, and decision theory, as well as philosophical theology, all intersect at the Wager. Other prominent theistic pragmatic arguments include William James's celebrated essay, 'The Will to Believe'; a posthumously published and largely ignored pragmatic argument authored by J.S. Mill, supporting the propriety of hoping that quasi-theism is true; the eighteenth-century Scottish essayist James Beattie's argument that the consoling benefit of theistic belief is so great that theistic belief is permissible even when one thinks that the existence of God is less likely than not; and an argument championed by the nineteenth-century French philosopher Jules Lachelier, which based its case for theistic belief on the empirical benefits of believing as a theist, even if theism was very probably false. In Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God, Jeff Jordan explores various theistic pragmatic arguments, and the objections employed against them. Jordan presents a new version of the Wager, what he calls the 'Jamesian Wager', and argues that the Jamesian Wager survives the objections hurled against theistic pragmatic arguments and provides strong support for theistic belief. In addition to arguing for a sound version of the Wager, Jordan also argues that there is a version of Evidentialism compatible with a principled use of pragmatic arguments, and that the Argument from Divine Silence fails. Objections found in Voltaire, Hume, and Nietzsche against the Wager are scrutinized, as are objections issued by Richard Swinburne, Richard Gale, and other contemporary philosophers. The ethics of belief, the many-gods objection, the problem of infinite utilities, and the propriety of a hope based acceptance are also examined.

Pascal s Wager

Author : Nancy Rue
File Size : 64.47 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 659
Read : 952
Download »
Confirmed atheist Jill McGavock faces the mental deterioration of her brilliant mother. In a quest to cope with this devastating situation, Jill seeks out philosophy professor Sam Hunt. Savvy Sam challenges Jill to make "Pascal's wager" -- to "bet" that God exists by acting as if he does. The results not only change Jill's mind but transform her life in ways she never could have imagined. An exciting, faith-building thriller!

The Modern Schoolman

Author :
File Size : 62.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 287
Read : 1277
Download »

The Great Ideas Program Religion and theology

Author : Mortimer Jerome Adler
File Size : 29.24 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 760
Read : 417
Download »

So What If the God of the Bible Exists Does It Really Matter at the End of Day

Author : Alvin F. Berry
File Size : 90.96 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 423
Read : 1310
Download »
Apologetics (defense of the Gospel) is a term used when writers or pastors try to prove or disprove the question, "So What If the God of the Bible Exists" In the 1600's Pascal's wager raises the question of Gods existence. The Atheist Wager challenges this idea and substitutes a Good God approach Four centuries later Randy Travis asks for a decision with his song " which way will you choose." Darwin's evolutionary fossils continue to remain silent and the disclaimer found in his book Origin of Species is ignored. However the God of the Bible still speaks using his word and living evidences for anyonewho will listen to follow. As we travel down life's highway, we will find that The God of the Bible and this Good God that includes Darwin's theory of life travel using different roads. One to life everlasting and the other to a pleasant end. Critics will say that I'm not educated enough or searched enough to raise any question on the subject, but I submit most people are in the same boat as I am, we may fall short on literary scholarship but we still can ask the right question. It has been said that if you don't ask the right questions you'll never get the right answer. This question has plagued man kind down through the centuries. Is there a higher power in the universe? If so then which wager is right, Pascals or the Atheists?You can check the facts out for yourself as I did and have recorded in this book. HELL IS A TRUTH TO LATE LEARNED Alvin F. Berry, who has 3 grown children, widowed after 45 years in 1998, prostate cancer surviver1999, married a New Zealand missionary in 2002, a US Navy Vet who tracked hurricanes using a seismograph during Korean War, holds a GE Patient for processing, spent 25 years as a School Board member for the Berlin and Questar 3 N. Y. school systems, voted Stephentown Senior Citizen of the year in 1999. Graduated with a AAS degree from Hudson Valley Community College, Troy NY 1959. After over 50+ years with the Stephentown Evangelical Community Church, moved with his wife Pastor Maureen to Leesburg Fl and now attends Eustis First Assembly in Eustis Fl. were Maureen is the associate pastor to Seniors.

PFSCL

Author :
File Size : 73.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 172
Read : 920
Download »

Pensees

Author : Blaise Pascal
File Size : 29.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 801
Read : 1161
Download »
Pensees - Blaise Pascal. The Pensees (literally "thoughts") represented a defense of the Christian religion by Blaise Pascal, the renowned 17th-century philosopher and mathematician. Pascal's religious conversion led him into a life of asceticism and the Pensees was in many ways his life's work. The concept (but not the term) of "Pascal's Wager" stems from a portion of this work. The Pensees is in fact a name given posthumously to his fragments, which he had been preparing for an Apology for the Christian Religion which was never completed. Although the Pensees appears to consist of ideas and jottings, some of which are incomplete, it is believed that Pascal had, prior to his death in 1662, already planned out the order of the book and had begun the task of cutting and pasting his draft notes into a coherent form. His task incomplete, subsequent editors have disagreed on the order, if any, in which his writings should be read. Those responsible for his effects, failing to recognize the basic structure of the work, handed them over to be edited and they were published in 1669. The first English translation was made in 1688 by John Walker. Another English translation by W. F. Trotter was published in 1958. It was not until the beginning of the 20th century that scholars began to understand Pascal's intention. In the 1990s, decisive philological achievements were made and the edition by Philippe Sellier of the book contains Pascal's "thoughts" in more or less the order he left them. Several attempts have been made to arrange the notes systematically; notable editions include those of Léon Brunschvicg, Jacques Chevalier, Louis Lafuma, and (more recently) Philippe Sellier. (See, also, the monumental edition of his Oeuvres completes (1964–1991), which is known as the Tercentenary Edition and was realized by Jean Mesnard; this edition reviews the dating, history, and critical bibliography of each of Pascal's texts.) Although Brunschvicg tried to classify the posthumous fragments according to themes, recent research has prompted Sellier to choose entirely different classifications, as Pascal often examined the same event or example through many different lenses.

Pensees

Author : Blaise Pascal
File Size : 31.7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 841
Read : 1048
Download »
The Pensées (literally "thoughts") is a collection of fragments on theology and philosophy written by 17th-century philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal. Pascal's religious conversion led him into a life of asceticism and the Pensées was in many ways his life's work. The Pensées represented Pascal's defense of the Christian religion. The concept of "Pascal's Wager" stems from a portion of this work.The Pensées is the name given posthumously to fragments that Pascal had been preparing for an apology for Christianity which was never completed. That envisioned work is often referred to as the Apology for the Christian Religion, although Pascal never used that title.

Faith

Author : Terrence W. Tilley
File Size : 35.45 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 324
Read : 453
Download »

Mikey S Quest for Father God

Author : Jim Farrell
File Size : 71.48 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 302
Read : 1200
Download »
When are these dupes and imbeciles going to wake up? Let me say again, and for the last timethere is no godyou fools. When Mikey ORourke, a precocious eighth-grader, reads a Facebook post by his Uncle Billy, hes shocked. After all, his family is Catholic. Hes even more surprised when his father tells him all his unclesBilly, Ray, and Alare atheists. Mikey doesnt know how to handle this newfound information. In his novel Mikeys Quest for Father God, author Jim Farrell tells how Mikey leaves behind his shock and surprise to learn why people have such different beliefs about the existenceor nonexistenceof God. As a temporary reporter for the News-Journal, Mikey sets out to interview believers and nonbelievers to discover why they do or do not believe in God. Among those he interviews are his parents, a rabbi friend of his fathers, his grandmother, a Korean exchange student, and a young woman who lost her faith. Mikeys Quest for Father God explores traditional Thomistic arguments for Gods existence, Maimonidess famous question, Why is there something and not nothing?, Pascals Wager, Anselms ontological argument, the problem of evil, the Holocaust, the civil rights movement in St. Augustine, the closed box of science, saints, martyrs, pedophile priests, and same-sex couples. You will love following Mikey to his conclusion.

The Philosopher s Index

Author :
File Size : 62.69 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 776
Read : 497
Download »
Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Andover Newton Quarterly

Author :
File Size : 28.61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 345
Read : 946
Download »
Sept. issue is the Andover Newton catalog.

International Journal of Ethics

Author :
File Size : 22.98 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 725
Read : 1239
Download »

Pensees

Author : Blaise Pascal
File Size : 43.6 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 403
Read : 953
Download »
This book, representing Pascal's 'pensees', or thoughts, contains many provocative views that have managed to arouse critics from many different perspectives. In many ways, Pascal's insights into human character as it relates to the divine are not easily dismissed, at least intellectually. Because Pensees is a collection of thoughts rather than a systematic presentation, the reader will likely find Pascal to be quite quotable. There are quite a few 'one liners' in here that are profound to the point of being humorous. Pascal, in arguing in favor of the truth of Christianity, makes a very big investment in fulfilled prophecy and the history of the Jews that readers should find interesting. His discourse on indifference at the beginning of the second section is exceptional: they have succeeded in providing a considerable amount of discomfort to atheists for three centuries now. The portion of Pensees that is the most well known is Pascal's wager argument early in the second section. Unfortunately, this argument is not the most compelling one made by Pascal, making it a shame that it has overshadowed his most provocative argument in favor of the Christian religion (the anthropological one). Section 1 of Pensees spends considerable time developing the notion that the extreme paradox of humanity (as Pascal sees it) of both immense greatness and horrible evil demand an explanation. How can man be both, and what worldview best explains this clear reality? These are the questions that Pascal presents, arguing that only the Biblical narrative of man from creation forward provides an intelligent framework upon which to explain the human condition adequately. It is a very provocative argument that a number of thoughtful theologians from Groothuis to McKenzie have opined upon, and an argument that deserves extensive thought not just about the Christian religion, but about the very nature of man and whether Pascal's grasp of it is correct or not. Being a Jansenist, Pascal was not as willing as mainstream Roman Catholicism to rely on human reason, believing that man's 'wretchedness' calls such reason into question. As such, the reader will notice that Pascal tends to employ a general polemic against reason, even though he clearly refutes the complete abandonment of reason. But as part of this general polemic, he clearly distrusts natural theology as well as the rationalizations of the philosophers (which is kind of ironic), believing that philosophical rationalizing is ultimately an impediment to faith. Pascal intends here to walk a fine line between what he believed to be the logical absurdity of faith in complete contradiction to reason, but also of the bankruptcy as he saw it of reason alone becoming the basis for our faith. All in all, Pensees is a highly provocative book that has, and will continue, to arouse thought and contemplation at the deepest levels.

Arts Humanities Citation Index

Author :
File Size : 37.62 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 386
Read : 299
Download »

Studia doctrinae Christianae Upsaliensia

Author : Axel Gyllenkrok
File Size : 24.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 105
Read : 785
Download »