Search results for: primer-on-decision-making

Primer on Decision Making

Author : James G. March
File Size : 72.68 MB
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Building on lecture notes from his acclaimed course at Stanford University, James March provides a brilliant introduction to decision making, a central human activity fundamental to individual, group, organizational, and societal life. March draws on research from all the disciplines of social and behavioral science to show decision making in its broadest context. By emphasizing how decisions are actually made -- as opposed to how they should be made -- he enables those involved in the process to understand it both as observers and as participants. March sheds new light on the decision-making process by delineating four deep issues that persistently divide students of decision making: Are decisions based on rational choices involving preferences and expected consequences, or on rules that are appropriate to the identity of the decision maker and the situation? Is decision making a consistent, clear process or one characterized by ambiguity and inconsistency? Is decision making significant primarily for its outcomes, or for the individual and social meanings it creates and sustains? And finally, are the outcomes of decision processes attributable solely to the actions of individuals, or to the combined influence of interacting individuals, organizations, and societies? March's observations on how intelligence is -- or is not -- achieved through decision making, and possibilities for enhancing decision intelligence, are also provided. March explains key concepts of vital importance to students of decision making and decision makers, such as limited rationality, history-dependent rules, and ambiguity, and weaves these ideas into a full depiction of decision making. He includes a discussion of the modern aspects of several classic issues underlying these concepts, such as the relation between reason and ignorance, intentionality and fate, and meaning and interpretation. This valuable textbook by one of the seminal figures in the history of organizational decision making will be required reading for a new generation of scholars, managers, and other decision makers.

A Primer on Environmental Decision Making

Author : Knut Lehre Seip
File Size : 21.73 MB
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This book integrates decision-making and environmental science. For ecologists it will bridge the gap to economics. For practitioners in environmental economics and management it will be a major reference book. It probably contains the largest collection available of expressions and basic equations that are used in environmental sciences. The book is organized in disciplines, but it also includes 13 applications that draw on all subjects in the book, and where cross-references are extensively used. The applications show how a range of topics in economics, social sciences and ecology are interrelated when decisions have to be made.

Primer on Risk Analysis

Author : Charles Yoe
File Size : 43.45 MB
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In every decision context there are things we know and things we do not know. Risk analysis uses science and the best available evidence to assess what we know-and it is intentional in the way it addresses the importance of the things we don't know. Primer on Risk Analysis: Decision Making Under Uncertainty lays out the tasks of risk analysis in a

Primer on Risk Analysis

Author : Charles E. Yoe
File Size : 79.60 MB
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The basics -- Uncertainty -- Risk management -- Risk assessment -- Risk communication -- Enterprise risk management -- Decision making under uncertainty

A Primer on Clinical Experience in Medicine

Author : Milos Jenicek, MD
File Size : 87.12 MB
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Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of the sciences. It relies on effective reasoning, decision making, and communication shared by all health professionals, including physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, physiotherapists, and administrators. A Primer on Clinical Experience in Medicine: Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communication in Health Sciences is about these essential skills. It describes how physicians and health professionals reason, make decisions, and practice medicine. Covering the basic considerations related to clinical and caregiver reasoning, it lays out a roadmap to help those new to health care as well as seasoned veterans overcome the complexities of working for the well-being of those who trust us with their physical, mental, and spiritual health. The book provides a step-by-step breakdown of the reasoning process for clinical work and clinical care. It examines both general and medical ways of thinking, reasoning, argumentation, fact finding, and using evidence. Outlining the fundamentals of decision making, it integrates coverage of clinical reasoning, risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in evidence-based medicine. It also: Describes how to evaluate the success (effectiveness and cure) and failure (error and harm) of clinical and community actions Considers communication with patients and outlines strategies, successes, failures, and possible remedies—including offices, bedside, intervention, and care settings Examines strategies, successes, failures, and possible remedies for communication with peers—including interpersonal communication, morning reports, rounds, and research gatherings The book describes vehicles, opportunities, and environments for enhanced professional communication, including patient interviews, clinical case reports, and morning reports. It includes numerous examples that demonstrate the importance of sound reasoning, decision making, and communication and also considers future implications for research, management, planning, and evaluation.

A Primer on Clinical Experience in Medicine

Author : MD, Milos Jenicek
File Size : 72.29 MB
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Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of the sciences. It relies on effective reasoning, decision making, and comm

A Primer on Decision Analysis for Individually Prescribed Instruction

Author : Charles E. Davis
File Size : 72.16 MB
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A Primer on Decision Analysis Procedures

Author : Jason Millman
File Size : 50.69 MB
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A Primer on Due Process Education Decisions for Handicapped Children

Author :
File Size : 80.20 MB
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A Primer on Dental Practice Management

Author : Leslie E. Gaskins
File Size : 64.26 MB
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A Primer on Organizational Behavior

Author : James L. Bowditch
File Size : 24.13 MB
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This text provides a general survey of a typical organizational behaviour (OB) course, especially the central facets of micro- (motivation, perception, communication, group and team dynamics, leadership), and macro- (organizational structure, culture, environment, and change) organizational behaviour. It introduces the reader to terms and concepts that are necessary to understand OB and their application in modern organizations.

A Primer on the Economics of Consumption

Author : Elizabeth Waterman Gilboy
File Size : 28.86 MB
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Primer on Socio political Economic Educational Problems of the Philippines

Author : Federico C. Aquino
File Size : 79.80 MB
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The Food Marketing Institute Primer on Electronic Funds Transfer Systems in Supermarkets

Author :
File Size : 71.57 MB
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Medical Decision Making

Author : Stefan Felder
File Size : 28.67 MB
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This textbook offers a comprehensive theory of medical decision making under uncertainty, combining informative test theory with the expected utility hypothesis. The book shows how the parameters of Bayes’ theorem can be combined with a value function of health states to arrive at informed test and treatment decisions. The authors distinguish between risk neutral, risk averse and prudent decision makers and demonstrate the effects of risk preferences on physicians’ decisions. They analyze individual tests, multiple tests and endogenous tests where the test result is determined by the decision maker. Finally, the topic is examined in the context of health economics by introducing a trade-off between enjoying health and consuming other goods, so that the extent of treatment and thus the potential improvement in the patient’s health become endogenous.

The Health Care Worker s Primer on Professionalism

Author : Sherry Makely
File Size : 46.49 MB
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This is the first book to cover all of the pertinent information that any worker, in any position, in any type of health care organization needs to know to present a professional image and to be successful in his/her job. Written in a personal, conversational, easy-to-read-and-understand style, it focuses on the "soft skills" (rather than on the hands-on technical skills) that are needed to perform in a professional, ethical, legal, and competent manner, regardless of one's job function/position--e.g., communicating appropriately, working well on teams, respecting and valuing differences, and interacting effectively with co-workers, patients, visitors, and guests. Making a Commitment to Your Job (work ethic, accountability, compliance, quality of work); Personal Traits of the Health Care Professional (character, reputation, respect, trust, ethics, and morals); Working with Others (interpersonal relationships, personality preferences, teamwork, diversity, manners, communication skills, conflict resolution, and customer service); Personal Skills (appearance and grooming, personal habits, language and grammar, problem solving, managing time, stress, personal finances, and change); Growth and Advancement (career planning, goal setting, effective resumes, and interviewing skills). For anyone preparing for a career in health care (whether as an allied health professional, nurse, or clerical or support staff), as well as for new and current health care workers in any setting who could benefit from additional professionalism training.

A Primer on the Negritos of the Philippines

Author : Daisy Y. Noval-Morales
File Size : 90.54 MB
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A Primer on Sovereign Debt Buybacks and Swaps

Author : Carlos I. Medeiros
File Size : 37.8 MB
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This paper sets forth some basic principles that could help debt managers in emerging market and other countries to plan and implement sovereign debt buyback and swap operations. It discusses the macroeconomic context in which buybacks and swaps are undertaken, the objectives of buybacks and swaps, the analytical framework for deciding whether to undertake a particular buyback or swap operation and for selecting among alternative operations, and some key issues in the determination of the strategy for executing buybacks and swaps. The focus is on developing the analytical framework for evaluating sovereign debt buyback and swap operations, since very little work has been done in this area. In this regard, the paper presents a step-wise decision-making procedure, in which discounted cash flow analysis and the use of strategic benchmarks for the debt play central roles.

Primer on Reforms in a Second Best Ambiguous Environment A Case for Gradualism

Author : S. Nuri Erbas
File Size : 27.52 MB
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Ambiguity, as opposed to uncertainty, reflects lack of sufficient information about distribution and payoffs of infrequent events. Reforms are infrequent events, undertaken in ambiguous second-best environments where bad reform outcomes are feasible. A general case for the gradualist reform strategy is that it may pay to defer some reforms until relevant information about possible reform outcomes and associated probabilities is revealed, and ambiguity is reduced over time. Gradualism may dominate the big bang strategy, if some of the reforms in a reform sequence are not sure bets and waiting costs do not dominate reversal costs under some information sets forthcoming over time. The relation to Ellsberg's Paradox is discussed. Some cases for and against gradualism are reviewed.

Planning for higher education

Author :
File Size : 51.1 MB
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