Search results for: the-gospel-of-matthew-and-christian-judaism

The Gospel of Matthew and Christian Judaism

Author : David C. Sim
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In this meticulously researched study, David C. Sim reconstructs the Matthean community at the time the Gospel was written and traces its full history. Dr. Sim demonstrates that the Matthean community should be located in Antioch in the late first century, and he argues that the history of this community can only be understood in the context of the factionalism of the early Christian movement. He identifies two distinctive and opposing Christian perspectives: the first represented by the Jerusalem church and the Matthean community, which maintained that the Christian message must be preached within the context of Judaism; and the second represented by Paul and the Pauline communities, in which Christians were not expected to observe the Jewish law. Dr. Sim reconstructs not only the conflict between Matthew's Christian Jewish community and the Pauline churches, but also its further conflicts with the Jewish and Gentile worlds in the aftermath of the Jewish war.

Matthew s Gospel and Judaism in the Late First Century C E

Author : Anthony Ovayero Ewherido
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Following a thorough examination of the structure, language, and argument of Matthew's discourse on parables, Anthony O. Ewherido underscores its primary relevance to the ongoing discussion on the social context of Matthew's Gospel. The convincing analysis of the textual evidence and study of some social and historical trends in Christianity and Judaism in the post-70 C.E. era inform Ewherido's conclusion that at the time the Gospel was written to its predominantly Jewish-Christian community, that community had parted ways with Judaism and stood at an ideologically irreconcilable distance from the «synagogue across the street.»

Matthew s Christian Jewish Community

Author : Anthony J. Saldarini
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The most Jewish of gospels in its contents and yet the most anti-Jewish in its polemics, the Gospel of Matthew has been said to mark the emergence of Christianity from Judaism. Anthony J. Saldarini overturns this interpretation by showing us how Matthew, far from proclaiming the replacement of Israel by the Christian church, wrote from within Jewish tradition to a distinctly Jewish audience. Recent research reveals that among both Jews and Christians of the first century many groups believed in Jesus while remaining close to Judaism. Saldarini argues that the author of the Gospel of Matthew belonged to such a group, supporting his claim with an informed reading of Matthew's text and historical context. Matthew emerges as a Jewish teacher competing for the commitment of his people after the catastrophic loss of the Temple in 70 C.E., his polemics aimed not at all Jews but at those who oppose him. Saldarini shows that Matthew's teaching about Jesus fits into first-century Jewish thought, with its tradition of God-sent leaders and heavenly mediators. In Saldarini's account, Matthew's Christian-Jewish community is a Jewish group, albeit one that deviated from the larger Jewish community. Contributing to both New Testament and Judaic studies, this book advances our understanding of how religious groups are formed.

Matthew within Judaism

Author : Anders Runesson
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In this collection of essays, leading New Testament scholars reassess the reciprocal relationship between Matthew and Second Temple Judaism. Some contributions focus on the relationship of the Matthean Jesus to torah, temple, and synagogue, while others explore theological issues of Jewish and gentile ethnicity and universalism within and behind the text.

The Gospel of Matthew and Judaic Traditions

Author : Herbert Basser
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Herbert Basser in The Gospel of Matthew and Judaic Traditions utilizes his mastery of Jewish writings to navigate the agenda of this enigmatic Gospel. He propounds numerous novel suggestions, while Marsha Cohen’s editing gives us a highly accessible text.

Matthew and the Didache

Author : Huub van de Sandt
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There are significant agreements between the Didache and the Gospel of Matthew as these writings share words, phrases and motifs. In modern scholarship, there seems to be an increasing reluctance, however, to support the thesis that the Didache used Matthew. And, indeed, such a close relationship might equally suggest that both documents were created in the same historical and geographical setting, for example in the Greek-speaking part of Syria. If the Didache and Matthew did indeed emanate from the same geographical, social, and cultural setting, new questions arise. Who were the Christians standing behind the Didache and Matthew? Can we trace the developing interests of the respective community or communities in the different textual layers of the Didache and Matthew? Is it possible to frame the congregation(s) within the social history of Jews and Jewish believers-in-Jesus in first-century Syria? What stage of development or separation between Christians, Jewish Christians, and Jews is envisaged?In order to invite discussion and exchange ideas on this fundamental issue, an international conference was organized by the Tilburg Faculty of Theology in April 2003. Scholars of related fields (New Testament, Second Temple Judaism, Liturgy, Patristic Studies) were brought together to debate about the matter in the light of their diverse specialties and previous research. This volume contains the edited proceedings of the meeting of experts.Huub van de Sandt is lecturer in New Testament Studies at the Tilburg Faculty of Theology. Together with the late David Flusser, he is the author of The Didache. Its Jewish Sources and its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity (2002). This stimulating collection of essays from an international group of scholars provides extensive and insightful exploration of the possible relationships between the Gospel of Matthew and the Didache, and of the location of both texts in Jewish/Christian contexts. Warren Carter, Professor of New Testament, Saint Paul School of Theology, Kansas City, Missouri.Matthew and the DidacheI Milieu1 Hypotheses on the Development of Judaism and Christianity in Syria in the Period after 70 C.E. - Bas ter Haar Romeny2 The Milieu of Matthew, the Didache, and Ignatius of Antioch: Agreements and Differences - Clayton N. JeffordII The Two Documents: Their Provenance and Origin3 The History and Social Setting of the Matthean Community - Wim Weren4 When, Why, and for Whom Was the Didache Created? Insights into the Social and Historical Setting of the Didache communities - Aaron MilavecIII Two Documents from the Same Jewish-Christian Milieu?5 The Sermon on the Mount and the Two Ways Teaching of the Didache - Kari Syreeni6 The Use of the Synoptics or Q in Did. 1:3b-2:1 - John S. Kloppenborg7 The Halakhic Evidence of Didache 8 and Matthew 6 and the Didache Community s Relationship to Judaism - Peter J. Tomson8 Didache 9-10: A Litmus Test for the Research on Early Christian Liturgy Eucharist - Gerard Rouwhorst9 Les charismatiques itinérants dans la Didachè et dans l Évangile de Matthieu (with an English abstract) - André Tuilier10 Two Windows on a Developing Jewish-Christian Reproof Practice: Matt 18:15-17 and Did. 15:3 - Huub van de Sandt11 Eschatology in the Didache and the Gospel of Matthew - Joseph Verheyden12 Do the Didache and Matthew Reflect an Irrevocable Parting of the Ways with Judaism? - Jonathan A. Draper

The Hidden Gospel of Matthew

Author : Ron Miller
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"The Hidden Gospel of Matthew: Annotated and Explained takes you into the text to discover the words and events that have the strongest connection to the historical Jesus. What did Jesus really say about the future of the world? What really took place after his crucifixion? Ron Miller reveals the underlying story of Matthew, a story that transcends the traditional theme of an atoning death and focuses instead on Jesus's radical call for personal transformation and social change. This hidden portrait of Jesus at times resembles the sage teacher of the Gospel of Thomas more than it does the redeemer of traditional Christianity, and presents truths consonant with our deepest human experience."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Matthew and his Christian Contemporaries

Author : David C. Sim
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This volume aims to compare the author of Matthew's Gospel with a selection of contemporary Christian authors and/or texts. Recent Matthean scholarship has highlighted the distinctiveness of this early Christian writer by emphasising his clear Jewish perspective in addition to his Christian affiliation. He can accurately be perceived as both Jewish and Christian because he holds that Christian commitment demands both observance of the Mosaic Law and faith in Jesus as the Messiah. But if Matthew is distinctively Jewish and Christian, how does he compare with other early Christian writers? Much of the New Testament literature was composed by Paul himself or by his later followers, and these Christians held the view that the Mosaic Law no longer had relevance in the light of the Christ event. Other New Testament texts that are not Pauline, e.g. the Gospel of John and the letter to the Hebrews, appear to agree with Paul on this point. Consequently, Matthew stands apart from other texts in the canon with the possible exception of the letter of James. The volume will therefore establish the distinctiveness of Matthew by comparing his theological perspective with his major sources, Mark and Q, and with the two remaining Gospels, the Pauline epistles, the letter to the Hebrews and the epistle of James. The comparison of Matthew with non-canonical texts, the Didache and the letters of Ignatius of Antioch, is important because much work has been done in these areas recently. Given Matthew's distinctive portrayal of Jesus, a comparison of Matthew and the historical Jesus is also demanded in the context of this volume.

The Gospel of Matthew and Christian Judaism

Author : David C. Sim
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In this meticulously researched and compelling study, David Sim reconstructs the social setting of the Matthean community at the time the Gospel was written and traces its full history.Dr Sim argues that the Matthean community should be located in Antioch towards the latter part of the first century. He acknowledges the dispute within the early Christian movement and its importance. He defines more accurately the distinctive perspectives of the two streams of thought and their respective relationships to Judaism. A new and important work in Matthean studies.

The Gospel of Matthew in Current Study

Author : William G. Thompson
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First-rate scholars here explore the pastoral and academic aspects of the study of Matthew's Gospel. Built on the best of current research, these chapters cover a diverse range of significant topics in addition to highlighting the points of disagreement that continue to stimulate scholarship in the field. Published in memory of William G. Thompson, S. J., The Gospel of Matthew in Current Study is not only a fitting tribute to Thompson's lifelong interest in the First Gospel but is also an excellent introduction to contemporary Matthean studies with great potential as a classroom resource. Contributors: Richard S. Ascough David E. Aune Wendy Cotter Daniel J. Harrington Jack Dean Kingsbury Amy-Jill Levine Anthony J. Saldarini Donald Senior Graham N. Stanton Thomas H. Tobin Elaine Wainwright

Anti Judaism in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian Antisemitism

Author : Pauline Allsop
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Matthew s Transfiguration Story and Jewish Christian Controversy

Author : A. D. A. Moses
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The Gospel accounts of the transfiguration of Jesus continue to puzzle the average reader. The purpose of this book is to address some of the perplexing issues surrounding the event, and to explain the significance of the transfiguration, particularly in Matthew's Gospel. It demonstrates that Matthew's account of the event is to be seen in the context of first-century controversy between Christians and Jews about Jesus and Moses, with the Jews emphasizing Moses' greatness and Matthew portraying the transfiguration within Moses-Sinai categories and also in terms of the enigmatic Son of Man figure in Daniel 7. Possible influence of the transfiguration event is also seen elsewhere, particularly in 2 Corinthians 3 and 4, where, the author argues, Paul uses his Damascus road experience as a counter to his opponents' emphasis on the law and Peter's witness to Jesus' transfiguration.

Anti Judaism in Early Christianity

Author : Peter Richardson
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The period since the close of World War II has been agonizingly introspective—not least because of the pain of reassessing Christianity’s attitude to Judaism. The early Christian materials have often been examined to assess their role in the long-standing negative attitude of Christians to Jews. The motivation for the early church’s sometimes harsh attitude was partly theological—it needed to define itself over against its parent—and partly sociological—it needed to make clear the line that divided the fledgling group of Christian believers fromt he group with which it was most likely to be confused. This collection of studies emphasizes the context and history of early Christianity in reconsidering many of the classic passages that have contributed to the development of anti-Judaism in Christianity. The volume opens with an essay that clearly delineates the state of the question of anti-Judaism in early Christianity. Then follow discussions of specific passages in the writings of Paul as well as the Gospels.

Matthew s Gospel and Formative Judaism

Author : J. Andrew Overman
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"This is a study of the life and world of the community represented by the Gospel of Matthew. As Max Weber recognized, every community mus order its life, and develp means by which it can preserve and protect itself. It is clear that the Matthean community was in no way exempt from this sociological necessity. Matthew's community, like any other, was confronted with the task of explaining the experiences and convictions of the community to ensuing members as well as developing structures and procedures that would help protect it from alien forces and beliefs. This study focuses on those developments." --

The Gospel of Matthew

Author : Rudolf Schnackenburg (sac.)
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From ancient times the Gospel of Matthew has been regarded as the "church Gospel" its aims are preeminently catechetical, pastoral, and missionary. But recent research raises many questionsregarding Matthew's creation, theological intentions, and shapingfor the circle of its first recipients.This highly original commentary by Rudolf Schnackenburgfollows Matthew chapter by chapter and verse by verse, carefullyexplaining and interpreting the text against both its primitive andcurrent horizons. Schnackenburg sees Matthew's purpose as simply"the proclamation of Christian salvation." His commentary givesextra attention to the great discourses of Jesus found in Matthew(such as the Sermon on the Mount), showing how Jesus' wordsand works have special currency for the self-understanding of thechurch and for the task of Christian living today.Written by a master exegete with a pastor's sensitivity, thiscommentary will fast become a classic study of Matthew's Gospel.

Recovering Jewish Christian Sects and Gospels

Author : Petri Luomanen
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This book provides a new approach to patristic sources on the earliest Jewish Christians. It shows the artificial nature of the church fathers’ discourse and challenges the widely accepted theory of three Jewish-Christian gospels, bringing the Gospel of the Hebrews closer to its synoptic cousins.

Matthew James and Didache

Author : Hubertus Waltherus Maria van de Sandt
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Sharing many traditions and characteristics, the Gospel of Matthew, the letter of James, and the Didache invite comparative study. In this volume, internationally renowned scholars consider the three writings and the complex interrelationship between first-century Judaism and nascent Christianity. These texts likely reflect different aspects and emphases of a network of connected communities sharing basic theological assumptions and expressions. Of particular importance for the reconstruction of the religious and social milieu of these communities are issues such as the role of Jewish law, the development of community structures, the reception of the Jesus tradition, and conflict management. In addition to the Pauline and Johannine schools, Matthew, James, and the Didache may represent a third religious milieu within earliest Christianity that is especially characterized through its distinct connections to a particular ethical stream of contemporary Jewish tradition. The contributors are Jonathan Draper; Patrick J. Hartin; John S. Kloppenborg; Matthias Konradt; J. Andrew Overman; Boris Repschinski, S.J.; Huub van de Sandt; Jens Schrter; David C. Sim; Alistair Stewart-Sykes; Peter Tomson; Martin Vahrenhorst; Joseph Verheyden; Wim J. C. Weren; Oda Wischmeyer; Jrgen K. Zangenberg; and Magnus Zetterholm.

The crowds in the Gospel of Matthew electronic resource

Author : J. R. C. Cousland
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Annotation. Arguing that crowds in the Gospel of Matthew serve as a theological entity that represent the people of Israel (as opposed to their leaders), Cousland (classical, Near Eastern, and religious studies, U. of British Columbia, Canada) explores how this representation sheds light on Matthew's relationship to Judaism. Although Matthew had broken with Jewish leadership, he still had hopes of converting the Jewish people to Christianity and this tension was displayed in the ambivalent manner in which crowds were portrayed in the gospel. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Israel s Last Prophet

Author : David L. Turner
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Jesus’ words of indictment and judgment in the Gospel according to Matthew have fueled centuries of Christian anti-Judaism. But what did those words originally mean within Matthew’s narrative? David L. Turner examines how Matthew has taken up Deuteronomic themes of prophetic rejection and judgment and woven them throughout the Gospel, culminating in Matthew 23:32. Matthew was engaged in a heated intramural dispute with other Jewish groups, Turner argues. The legacy of Christian anti-Jewish violence reflects a gross misunderstanding of Matthew by generations who have failed to recognize the author’s worldview and allusions.

The Theme of Jewish Persecution of Christians in the Gospel According to St Matthew

Author : Douglas R. A. Hare
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This book examines the historical data related to the suffering imposed on Christians and evaluates Matthew's portrayal of the persecutions.